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Militia Order in Afghanistan: Guardians or Gangsters? London: Routledge, July 2021.

What happens now to all those US-backed militias in Afghanistan? Responsible Statecraft, 1 June 2021.

Turning Gangsters into Allies: The American Way of War in Northern Afghanistan. Small Wars & Insurgencies 30, no.1 (2019): 101-39.

A double-edged sword: the people’s uprising in Ghazni, Afghanistan.
Small Wars and Insurgencies 28, no.3 (2017): 576-608.

Entry Point: Accessing Indigenous Perspectives During Complex Operations,
with James Jeffreys and Justin Depue, Special Operations Journal 1, no.1 (2015): 7-18.

Robber Barons Rising: The Potential for Resource Conflict in Ghazni, Afghanistan.
with Cynthia Braden, Stability: International Journal of Security and Development, 3, no.1 (2014): 1-14.

Like Red Tulips at Springtime: Understanding the Absence of Female Suicide Terrorism in Afghanistan.
Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 33, no.12 (2010):

Understanding Female Suicide Terrorism in Sri Lanka through a Constructivist Lens. Strategic Insights, 9, no.1, 2010.

Why America First is Also Kabul First,” The National Interest, 3 August 2017.

Should to Shoulder No More in Afghanistan? War on the Rocks, 1 March 2017.

Kandahar’s Enforcers Fight Evil with Brutality,” Foreign Policy, February 2016.

Research Returns from War,” Foreign Policy, July 2015.

Nation Building is Dirty Business,” Foreign Policy, March 2015.

Capture the Flag in Afghanistan,” Foreign Policy, January 2015.

Female Suicide Bombers – The New Threat in Afghanistan,” Small Wars Journal, 23 July 2010.

“Mobilizing Afghan Militias: Civil Defense Forces vs. Tribal Militias,” Middle East Times, 16 Feb. 2009.


“Pioneers on Patrol: Militarization of National Development in Malawi,” paper presented at Africa Studies Association, Boston, November 2019.

“Double Agents: Control and Discipline in the Malawi Young Pioneers,” paper presented on panel: Child Soldiers and World Politics at International Studies Association Convention, San Francisco, April 2018.

Malawi on Edge as the ‘Warm Heart’ Mourns the Head of State,” Small Wars Journal, 6 April 2012.

Formalizing the Informal: Historical Lessons on Local Defense in Counterinsurgency,” Small Wars Journal, 7:10, 2011.